• Harbhajan Singh

    “Now its time for the cremation, you have to leave (the Railway Station).” Harbhajan Singh recounts how he ended up a hiding at the Railway Station in Delhi and became an eyewitness to thousands of injured and fleeing Sikhs. Traveling from Nangal, Punjab on October 31, Singh describes the banditry with impunity that was unleashed on Sikh travellers. When Hindu co-passengers assisted him in escaping the violence in his train, they then feared his safety as well as his presence […]

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  • Sandeep Singh Brar

    (English) Sikhs responded to 1984 in a multitude of amazing ways. Since his family worried–explaining to him that it was a very bad time for Sikhs –and didn’t allow this young man to go to any of the big rallies in Toronto, Sandeep Singh Brar did what he could: Scrapbook. “I started collecting every newspaper from those days…I went to every library…when they threw out their back issues, I would get them and I would scour them.” He kept his […]

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  • Bachhitar Singh

    I don’t want to go back to India. Never, I never say I’m proud to be Indian.” What causes him to say that? In his narrative, Bachhitar Singh –still too wary to show his face on video when speaking about 1984—re-lives a strikingly painful past as he shares how his home was looted, his parents mistreated, and life uprooted simply because he is a Sikh. He recounts why and how he was forced to leave his home, take shelter with Christian […]

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  • Puneet Bedi

    “Someone from Home Ministry told my father that this would last 3 days.” Puneet Bedi was a 26-year-old medical student in Delhi during 1984. On Oct 31, he was in his medical college where news had begun to circulate about Indira Gandhi’s death. As he left the college, he was stopped by 3 young men who insisted that he head back as Sikhs were being targeted. While he first scoffed at the idea of someone daring to attack him, he then […]

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  • Gurmeet Kaur

    (Punjabi) Gurmeet Kaur, narrates the harrowing experience of seeing her husband and both his brothers, all police men, killed in the anti-Sikh violence. Her father met the same fate in a different neighborhood. As the surviving women tied saris, trying to disguise they were Sardarnis, they witnessed the mayhem all around, including stray dogs eating dead bodies… We remember.

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  • Kuldip Kaur

    (Punjabi) From her residence then and now, near the posh South Ex market in New Delhi, Kuldip Kaur recounts how Sikh stores there were systematically burnt to ground in 1984. Fearing for their young turbaned son’s life, the family sent him to Bidar, Karnataka for college. But in 1988, as anti-Sikh sentiment was used for political gains in that state, her son was killed. She narrates the family’s turmoil that followed, and how difficult it was to even honor his […]

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  • Harvinder Singh Phoolka

    (English) Harvinder Singh Phoolka is a senior advocate of Delhi High Court, human rights activist, author, and politician, who was a young lawyer in Delhi in 1984. Watch as he recounts in vivid detail, what he witnessed at the time of the attack on the Darbar Sahib (Golden Temple) in June 84, how he managed to escape to Chandigarh when his house was attacked by a rioting mob in November 84, and how he decided to channel his anger from […]

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  • Rasil Basu

    Rasil Basu, who served as the Director, UN Center for Women’s Advancement in NY, recounts the shock of hearing about the attack on Darbar Sahib, while sitting in her apartment in Manhattan, New York, in June 1984; and then the looting and arson of her property and the threat to her and her brother, noted Sikh writer S. Patwant Singh, in Gurgaon in November 1984. Hear her explain how the stolen goods from her house were last seen last in […]

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  • Balwinder Kaur

    (Punjabi with English Subtitles) Balwinder Kaur was a high school student traveling from Delhi to Ferozpur at the time of the attack on the Darbar Sahib (‘Golden Temple’ to foreigners), and remembers the military take-over of the state of Punjab. By November 1984, she was back home in Delhi. She narrates how a mob of attackers reached her locality, and went on to burn the local gurudwara and slaughter the Sikhs in her area. She managed to make arrangements to […]

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  • Rajvinder Singh Bains

    How Sikhs went from fearless defenders of others to those who had to begin focusing on defending themselves. Noted human rights lawyer, Rajvinder Singh Bains, Punjab & Haryana High Court, shares his experiences of 1984 and how it re-pivoted his political ideology, informs his identity as a Sikh, and his life’s work.

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  • Reshma Singh, Berkeley, California

    (English) Childhood witness of 84, Reshma Singh (a Harvard grad, now working at UC Berkeley, California) recounts coming back to Guru Harkrishan Public School in Vasant Vihar, Delhi after the violence abated on the streets. “When we entered our beautiful classrooms with all of our posters up there, we saw the walls were completely charred, the ceiling fans were hanging, melted, upside down, and all of us students spent the first week tearing out sheets of our notebooks and scraping […]

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