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  • June 1984: 31 Years Later, We Remember

    31 years later, we remember the fallen. We remember those who rose to tell the stories. We remember, together. Today, join the 1984 Living History Project as we map the story of June 1984. These are a few of the hundreds of stories of survival recorded by the Project. On this day in 1984, we were attacked. On this day in 2015, we renew our commitment to memory, truth, and justice

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  • Paramjit Kaur

    Hearing these stories is solidarity, telling them is sheer strength.The 1984 Living History Project continues to record the accounts, many that would otherwise remain untold. A young school teacher in 1984, Paramjit Kaur now lives in the United States. She tried recording her story with us before, but hesitated for various reasons. In this account, she worked with the camerawoman and chose to keep her face anonymous, but did record her voice and her experiences for all generations to come.

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  • Avinash Kaur

    Crime has no religion, Avinash Kaur remembers thinking as she heard the reportage of the 1984 violence. As a tenth grade student, Avinash Kaur remembers thinking in June 1984, “That was General Dyer, and we threw him out of India. But now what do we do?” She couldn’t help see the parallels between the massacre of Jallianwala Bagh, Amritsar in 1919 and that of Darbar Sahib, Amritsar in 1984. In November 1984, she remembers her grandfather saying, “Why are they […]

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  • Rubin Paul Singh

    Remembering experiencing 1984 in Maryland, USA, Rubin Paul Singh says: “During that time, the only time in my memory, there was a sense of panthic unity. I remember that sea of kesri…” In this video, he explains his own childhood memories of 1984 as well as how he is communicating the legacy of 1984 to his own young children today. “You could trace it all back to a few events…I sometimes trace it back to Sikhs fighting for their rights […]

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  • Ranbir Singh Sandhu

    Dr. Sandhu recounts his reaction of disbelief to the news that Sikhs were behind the assassinated Indira Gandhi and holds even today: “I really believe that they didn’t do it.” Regardless, he says, “First they ‘taught Sikhs a lesson’ in June but apparently that wasn’t enough, they wanted to do it all over the country now.” Now famed for his book “Struggle for Justice: Speeches and Conversations of Sant Jarnail Singh Khalsa Bhindranwale,” Dr. Ranbir Singh Sandhu had no idea […]

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  • Hardeep Kaur

    Reminding us that the violence of 1984 was not contained to Punjab, Hardeep Kaur shares the threats and alienation her family faced in the state of Himachal Pradesh. She also recalls the climate in Punjab University, Chandigarh, where she was a student in 1984: the contrast between some girl students from the villages of Punjab and the rest of the campus, receiving information from the the news on the radio. It was the beginning of her own journey “Who am […]

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  • Harminder Singh, Harry

    A child witness of 1984, Harry remembers everybody wearing black, dastaars or rumaals, while he was carried on his dad’s shoulders during a protest after June 1984 in Ottawa, Canada. 30 years later, after time to reflect on all the events and the various reactions to the violence, he says: “I really don’t want justice. I don’t believe the people who are going to give justice, are worthy of giving it.”  

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  • Puneet Bedi

    “Someone from Home Ministry told my father that this would last 3 days.” Puneet Bedi was a 26-year-old medical student in Delhi during 1984. On Oct 31, he was in his medical college where news had begun to circulate about Indira Gandhi’s death. As he left the college, he was stopped by 3 young men who insisted that he head back as Sikhs were being targeted. While he first scoffed at the idea of someone daring to attack him, he then […]

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  • Mhinder Singh

    [Punjabi with English subtitles] Eyewitness to the June attack, Mhidner Singh was trapped inside the Darbar Saab (“Golden Temple”) during the firefight. He recounts how–on the signal of a whistle–soldiers began shooting at civilians who were rounded up, sitting, unarmed. He himself survived lying under dead bodies for hours. Those who survived did so by sheer chance, he says; there was no other recourse for anyone, of any age. He witnessed young people being stripped naked and killed. His companions […]

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  • Harvinder Singh Phoolka

    (English) Harvinder Singh Phoolka is a senior advocate of Delhi High Court, human rights activist, author, and politician, who was a young lawyer in Delhi in 1984. Watch as he recounts in vivid detail, what he witnessed at the time of the attack on the Darbar Sahib (Golden Temple) in June 84, how he managed to escape to Chandigarh when his house was attacked by a rioting mob in November 84, and how he decided to channel his anger from […]

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  • Balwinder Kaur

    (Punjabi with English Subtitles) Balwinder Kaur was a high school student traveling from Delhi to Ferozpur at the time of the attack on the Darbar Sahib (‘Golden Temple’ to foreigners), and remembers the military take-over of the state of Punjab. By November 1984, she was back home in Delhi. She narrates how a mob of attackers reached her locality, and went on to burn the local gurudwara and slaughter the Sikhs in her area. She managed to make arrangements to […]

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