• November 1984: Our Cameras Are Our Candles

    #Watch November 1984 survivors tell their stories: The embers of November burn inside the souls who lived through it. When we hit “record”, we bring their experience – and the collective Sikh experience – to light. This November, let your camera be your candle: Watch and share this montage. Then, grab your smartphone. Talk to a parent, grandparent, relative. Make and submit a video of your own. On this day in 2015, we renew our commitment to memory, truth, and […]

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  • Ashok Singh Bagrian

    “How was this planned? It cannot have been a spontaneous reaction.” In this testimony filled with keen insight into the most important and unanswered questions, Ashok Singh Bagrian explains how in November 1984, he traveled to Delhi with his sister-in-law and an NGO, trying to find the truth. What all the investigations revealed was that the modus operandi of the massacres across India was identical in cities everywhere: the same hired thugs led by chawdries, the same backets of kerosene, […]

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  • Bhagwant Kaur and Niranjan Singh

    They remember how in Jaipur, people said “Nirinjan Singh bach ke aagia, Nirinjan Singh bach ke aagia”. In this powerful and emotional interview, Bhagwant Kaur remembers how she hid her husband underneath the train seats. They were traveling from Hazoor Sahib back home to Jaipur when the train halted at a railway station near Agra. She and her three young daughters guarded Nirinjan Singh, facing a mob that had just burned alive the only two other sardars in their train […]

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  • Devendra Singh

    “Double-six, double-three, nine-three.” To this day, Devendra Singh remembers the phone number of his elderly Bengali neighbors whose house he dialed in November 1984 so he could tell his family he was safe, hiding with his nephew in a friend’s transport for five days while mobs filled the streets of Calcutta. He narrates how relatives across India suffered – from a young nephew who cut his hair himself to survive, to his sister who was protected from mobs by her […]

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  • Rubin Paul Singh

    Remembering experiencing 1984 in Maryland, USA, Rubin Paul Singh says: “During that time, the only time in my memory, there was a sense of panthic unity. I remember that sea of kesri…” In this video, he explains his own childhood memories of 1984 as well as how he is communicating the legacy of 1984 to his own young children today. “You could trace it all back to a few events…I sometimes trace it back to Sikhs fighting for their rights […]

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  • Balbir Singh

    Seas of migrations of Sikhs from across India to Punjab took place at this time, three decades ago. On this day in 1984, November 25, Balbir Singh was 10 years old and remembers fleeing from his hometown of Ranchi, Jharkhand, for New Delhi. There, at Palam Airport, he recalls sleeping on the floor in the airport and seeing thousands and thousands of people. “1947 [Partition] came alive in 1984.” His home in Ranchi had earlier in November been refuge to […]

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  • Dalip Singh Bhatia

    Many survivors of the 1984 violence felt discrimination from within the Sikh community, after being victimized by state violence. In this important account, Mr. Dalip Singh Bhatia recounts appalling caste discrimination as he fled to Punjab after facing violence in Uttar Pradesh in November 1984. “We had never know there was any different between one Sikh and another,” he says of the heightened divisions in the community post 1984. He recalls the destruction by the violence in 84. Shops his […]

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  • Harvinder Singh Phoolka

    (English) Harvinder Singh Phoolka is a senior advocate of Delhi High Court, human rights activist, author, and politician, who was a young lawyer in Delhi in 1984. Watch as he recounts in vivid detail, how he managed to escape to Chandigarh when his house was attacked by a rioting mob in November 84, and how he decided to channel his anger from the violence into providing legal aid to the victims of the pogrom: first by drafting affidavits on behalf […]

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  • Balwinder Kaur

    (Punjabi with English Subtitles) Balwinder Kaur was a high school student traveling from Delhi to Ferozpur at the time of the attack on the Darbar Sahib (‘Golden Temple’ to foreigners), and remembers the military take-over of the state of Punjab. By November 1984, she was back home in Delhi. She narrates how a mob of attackers reached her locality, and went on to burn the local gurudwara and slaughter the Sikhs in her area. She managed to make arrangements to […]

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